India records 18 pc rise with 21.4 lakh TB cases in 2021: WHO | Job Binary




ANI |
Updated:
October 28, 2022 8:08 p.m IST

New Delhi [India]Oct 28 (ANI): India reported an 18% rise in tuberculosis (TB) cases compared to 2020 after recording 21.4 lakh TB cases in 2021. According to the WHO Global TB Report 2022 released on October 27, 2022. 21.4 lakh TB cases were reported in India in 2021, 18 percent higher than in 2020.
More than 22 million people were screened for TB in 2021 across the country for early detection and treatment of TB, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare said in a press release.
He noted that India had, in fact, by and large performed much better over time compared to other countries.
Under the new Pradhan Mantri TB Mukt Bharat Abhiyan initiative, more than 40,000 Nikshay Mitras are helping more than 10.45 lakh TB patients across the country.
The WHO Global Report 2022 highlighted the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the diagnosis, treatment and burden of the disease worldwide.
India’s 2021 TB incidence is 210 per 100,000 population – compared to the base year of 2015 (incidence was 256 per lakh population in India); there was a decrease of 18 percent, which is 7 points better than the world average of 11 percent. These figures rank India 36th in terms of incidence rates (from highest to lowest number of incidences), the MoHFW release added.
While the COVID-19 pandemic impacted TB Programs worldwide, India was able to successfully compensate for the disruptions it caused by introducing critical interventions in 2020 and 2021 – which saw the National TB Elimination Program report more than 21.4 lakh TB cases – 18th PC Greater than 2020
This success can be attributed to a series of forward-looking measures implemented by the Program over the years, such as the mandatory notification policy to ensure that all cases are reported to the government, the statement added.
Additionally, increasing Active Door-to-door Case Finding to screen patients and ensure no homes are lost has been a pillar of the Program.

In 2021, more than 22 million people were screened for TB. The goal has been to find and detect more cases to stop the transmission of the disease that has led to a decrease in incidence.
To this end, India has also increased its diagnostic capacity to strengthen detection efforts. Locally developed molecular diagnostics have helped to expand the reach of diagnostics to all countries today. India has more than 4,760 molecular diagnostic machines across the country, reaching every district, the statement added.
In this context, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare informed WHO that the Ministry has started household surveys to obtain more accurate estimation of incidence and mortality rates in a systematic manner and the data for India will be provided after the completion of the surveys. in early 2023.
The WHO has also accepted the position of the Ministry of Health and stated in the Report, “The TB incidence and mortality estimates for the period 2000-2021 are provisional and are to be finalized in consultation with the Indian Ministry of Health and Family Welfare”.
The results of the Ministry of Health investigation initiated by the Central TB Division (CTD) will be available in six months and will be further shared with WHO.
These steps coincide with India conducting its National Prevalence Survey to assess the true burden of TB in the country – the world’s largest ever survey. The WHO report says India is the only country to complete such a survey in 2021, a year that saw a “significant recovery in India”, the statement said.
The WHO Report also pointed to the crucial role of nutrition and malnutrition as factors in the development of active TB disease.
In this regard, the TB Program’s nutritional assistance scheme – Nikshay Poshan Yojana – has been instrumental for the vulnerable. During 2020 and 2021, India provided $89 million (Rs 670 million) in cash transfers to TB patients through a Direct Benefit Transfer programme, the statement added.
Additionally, in September 2022, the President of India launched a first-of-its-kind initiative, the Pradhan Mantri TB Mukt Bharat Abhiyan, to provide additional nutritional support to those undergoing TB treatment through community contributions, individuals and organizations.
So far, 40,492 donors have come forward to help 10,45,269 patients across the country, the release added. (ANI)



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